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Tag - 3D Printing Filaments

What Are The Types of 3D Printing Technology

3D printing has gained a huge momentum as people are getting into DIYs and creating various things they can sell online. Not just that, the latest technology has made it easy for people to print things in 3D form that wasn’t possible before. The 3D printer came into existence way back in 1983, but it was during the last decade that it became commonplace. Now people can print things right from the comfort of their homes. 3D printing filaments are available in so many materials and colors, which has made 3D printing so much easier.

But, the most important part of 3D printing is the technology behind it. 3D printing is not like your ordinary printing. There are so many steps and process that goes into play. You can choose from so many types of 3D printing technology. Choosing the right 3D printer will depend on quality, cost, features, time, capabilities and other requirements. You can compare the features to choose the printer you need for your project.

Here are some of the popular 3D printing technologies available today:

FDM or the Fused Deposition Modeling (FDM) Technology

The FDM technology is one of the most popular 3D printing technology that is widely used for printing various objects. It is also known as the Fused Filament Fabrication (FFF).It is known for using the process called material extrusion where the machine is continuously fed with thermoplastic printing filament to create a 3D object.

The printing process starts with the feeding the printer of solid thermoplastic 3D printing filaments like PLA, ABS or PETG. The filament is pushed through a heated nozzle where the materials melts at certain temperature. The extrusion head of the printing machine moves along the set coordinates where it deposits the melted filament on a building platform. After the deposition is completed it is allowed to cool down after which the filament solidifies and forms a solid object. The process is again repeated till the object is formed completely. If the object has overhanging parts or hallows, support materials are used as they can be removed by dissolving in water.

FDM printing technology is used for creating 3D objects like prototypes, concept models, manufacturing aids, electrical housings,jigs and fixtures, and more. Many people use the FDM printing technology as it offers the best surface and color finish is compatible with a wide range of 3D printing filaments. The FDM printers are compatible with various 3D printing filaments and are the most common type of printers used by people.

Read: Jigs and Fixtures with 3D Printer Filaments: The Modern Evolution

  • SLA or Stereolithography

The Stereolithography is the oldest 3D printing technology in the world. It came into being in 1986 by Chuck Hull. It prints 3D objects using the method called the Vat Polymerization. In this process, a photopolymer resin material is used in a vat where it is cured by a light source. The printing technology uses ultra violet laser to create layers for forming a 3D object in solid form.

An SLA printer uses mirrors, one on the X-axis and the other one the Y-axis. The mirrors or the galvanometers aims the laser beam over the vet where the filaments in melted form are present. The laser beam slowly solidifies the material in the build platform area where the final object is created layer by layer. The final object is chemically treated to remove the excess resins, which makes the final object looks more polished and is stronger than before.

The SLA printers are very fast and perfect for creating prototypes. If you care more about accuracy and precision, the SLA printer is the perfect choice. It can easily create 3D objects from the 3D CAD data (computer-generated) files. And, it will only take few years to complete the process of forming the object.

SLA printing technology is perfect for creating unique models, prototypes, patterns and production parts.

  • Digital Light Processing or DLP

The digital light processing or the DLP is a 3D printing technology very similar to SLA technology with a few differences. Instead of the laser beams, it uses a digital light projector. The light projector flashes a single image of each layer if it’s a small parts and multiple flashes if the printing object is a large part.

Printing resins are used for creating the object where the light is projected into it via LED source like a lamp. A digital microwave device or the DMD is used for directing the lights in the build surface. DLP is faster than SLA as each payer of the 3D object is exposed at the same time. The end result is very smooth and detailed. But the limitation it has that its parts are brittle and is not suited for creating mechanical parts.

This printing technology is great for printing mold-type polymer prototypes, jewelry, dental applications, and hearing aids.Furthermore, the DLP technology is cost-effective as it is compatible with a many 3D printing filament. It can easily use cheaper materials and created the most detailed and high-quality 3D objects in less time. You can use this technology to print more complex objects easily and reduce waste.

  • Selective Laser Sintering or the SLS

The Selective Laser Sintering or the SLS is a 3D printing process that uses the Power Bed Fusion technology. In this method thermoplastic powder made of the Nylon 6, Nylon 11, Nylon 12 is heated to just below its melting point. The powder is then deposited on the build platform using a recoating or wiper blade. The powder is deposited in thin layers usually not more than usually 0.1 mm thick.

Read: Nylon Filament for 3D Printing: Properties, Features, Pros, and Cons

The laser beam solidifies the sinters powder by scanning it. Once one cross-section is completed, the process is repeated till the object is manufactured as desired. This printing technology does not require any support filament or material as the powder that has not been sintered remains in place to support the object.

The SLS printing technology is great for printing 3D objects like functional parts, objects with hollow designs, and low-run production.The 3D objects printed with the SLS printers are durable and accurate and can be used for printing a wide range of objects. You can easily create parts with mechanical properties and complex designs. The time of printing is more than other type of printing method and so is the cost.

The Bottom-line

3D printing technologies come with their own merits and demerits. You can choose the printing technology you like based on your requirement like quality, cost, time, type of object you want to print, printing capabilities and more. These are some of commonly used technique for printing high-quality and accurate 3D objects efficiently. You can use a wide range of 3D printing filaments to create 3D objects of your choice. With today’s technology, you can easily create objects using various printing filaments and colors. They are perfect for hobbyists, professionals and anyone who loves 3D printing.

MakeShaper 3D Printing Filament

If you are looking for high-quality, durable and versatile 3D printing filament, we have a wide range of choices like PETG filament, ABS filament, PVA filament, PLA filament, HIPS filament, & much more. You can buy them in bulk at the most amazing prices online at MakeShaper. Our aim is to provide high-quality 3D printing solution for various needs at a very low-cost. Visit our website and browse our filaments and choose the one that matches your needs. You can call us at (330) 753-0100 or email us at makeshaper@villageplastics.com for more information.

Comparing 3D Printing Filament Features: ABS vs. ASA Filament

For most 3D printing enthusiasts, the introduction of ASA filament in the market is relatively new. While it might not be as common as other filament types, it serves as an excellent 3D printing filament for items that are to be kept outdoors, such as a garden gnome, planter, or any outdoor fixture. The ASA filament is relatively similar to the ABS filament with similar print output.

However, there is one thing about ASA that makes it rank over ABS is the fact that the former can stand longer under the sun without yellowing, deteriorating, or losing strength. If you have never ever printed with the ASA or ABS filament, here is a guide to help you out.

What is ASA Filament?

ASA filament functions as an amorphous variant of thermoplastic polymer that stands for Acrylonitrile Styrene Acrylate. It is generally used as the substitute filament for ABS. The ASA filament has so many advantages in terms of application that it is being used by the topmanufacturers of the automotive industry. The most prominent feature of ASA is the fact that it doesn’t yellow easily.

Buy Here: Black ASA Filament -1.75 mm
Buy Here: Black ABS Filament – 1.75 mm

Why & when should you use the ASA filament?

Before we start comparing the features of ASA and ABS, we need to understand what makes it stand out in the crowd. Here are some of the use cases for the ASA filament.

  • It’s mechanically robust feature makes it perfect in terms of applications that require high resistance
  • It is resistant to the U.V. rays which explain its non-yellowing property
  • ASA filament also finds application in the underwater usage or the pump junctions given the fact that it is highly water-resistant
  • It can also generate a good finish for different parts without any kind of deformation
  • It also provides superb dimensional stability with no warping and high tolerance
  • The ASA filament also works well as an element that is resistant to chemicals treatments
  • It also flaunts a higher thermal resistance as compared to ABS
  • Its matte finish towards the surface of the 3D print is something similar to ABS.

ABS vs. ASA filament: Pros and Cons Compared

In general, most of the properties flaunted by ASA are similar to that of ABS. However, the features such as U.V. resistance is exclusively flaunted by ASA filament.

So, what makes these two filaments different from each other? Well, let’s talk about the finishing of the 3D prints with both. Here warping is the issue that makes the two different. If you are unaware of what warping defines, let us explain it to you.

What is warping?

The warping or curling issue occurs when the 3D printed item doesn’t cool down in an even manner. As we all know, cooling leads to contraction & this particular process causes stress on the lateral surfaces of the object. The quicker your 3D printed item cools down, the higher the stress over its lateral surfaces. This stress is maximum towards the corner where two of the sides from your 3D print meet. This hence leads to deformation or a pull-up shape. The eventual result might seem displeasing to you.

Unless you use a closed printer, this could be a major issue with the ABS filament prints.

Apart from this, there is one more issue that dims down the quality of ABS filament. It is a phenomenon similar to warping, known as cracking. This issue occurs towards the upper section of the print. You need to keep in mind that both cracking and warping can affect the quality of your 3D print. It isn’t just about the aesthetics; the warped or cracked pieces have mechanical features that are comparatively inferior to that of perfectly welded layers.

So, to sum it up,

  • ABS and ASA filament both have similar properties in terms of mechanics
  • ASA is resistant to UV while ABS isn’t
  • ASA has better temperature resistant as compared to ABS (ABS- 81ºC vs. ASA- 95ºC)
  • Both these filaments produce items with matte finishing

ASA Technical Properties

  • Density: 1.07 [g/cm3]
  • Elongation at Break: 35 percent
  • Tolerance: +/- 0.05 mm
  • Flexural Strength: 660 kg/cm2
  • Max. Printing Temperature: 80 to 90 mm/s
  • Melting Temperature: 250 to 260ºC
  • Solubility:dichloro-ethylene, methylacetone, &cyclohexanone

Pros of Using ASA Filament:

  • It is a great alternative to ABS as it doesn’t show the same degradation during cooling, as is seen with ABS.
  • It flaunts a combination of UV resistance with mechanical strength making it perfect for use in the outdoors.
  • ASA filament portrays a higher degree of resistance to prolonged sunlight exposure.
  • It also comes with exceptional resistance to chemical or harsh weather with higher durability as compared to ABS.

Cons of Using ASA Filament:

  • One downside to using ASA filament is the fact that it tends to release fumes that might be potentially toxic during printing. It is critical for printing enthusiasts to opt for the use of high-quality masks during the process and get the printing in a room that is well ventilated.
  • It tends to be a bit expensive as compared to other filaments available in the market. Plus, its low market availability further increases its pricing factor.
  • Its high melting temperature is surely a boon for 3D printing enthusiasts. However, it also requires to have a higher temperature for the extruder to facilitate proper printing. This leads to more energy utilization and hence higher bills.

Tips to get the best prints with ASA filament

  • Get the first layer correct:

Even though ASA filament has minimal warping as compared to ABS, it isn’t completely free of this issue. In order to ensure there are zero warping problems, make sure you have calibrated the printer properly to get the base layer right. You need to level your print bed correctly. Plus, you need to assure that the distance starting from your printer’s hot-end to its bed is leveled.

  • Print with high-adhesion hotbed:

If your printer lacks a high-quality hotbed, the idea of printing with the ASA filament is eons away for you. This is due to the fact that ASA requires high temperatures to refrain from cracking as a result of thermal deformation. You have to keep the hotbed within a temperature range of 80 to 100 ºC. Plus, you should also work on improving the adhesion by using some kind of stick glue or lacquer for 3D printing needs.

  • Calibrate the Temperature Properly:

ASA has its melting temperature that ranges between 250 to 260ºC. This is why the printer hot end should be adjusted to keep within this temperature.

Conclusion

ASA is slowly gaining popularity among its users, given its range of benefits over the alternative ABS filament. So, if you are planning to create some exterior signage, garden equipment, sporting goods, housing components, or exterior parts for automotive needs, picking the ASA filament could be just right for you. However, keep in mind that printing with ASA requires a high-quality 3D printer that can maintain such high temperatures.

Looking for the best seller for high-quality ASA filament? Stop at MakeShaper and shop for your favorite ASA filament at pocket-friendly prices. Our range of collection for ASA filaments includes different colors such as red, yellow, pink, blue, cool gray, and so much more! Shop today to get access to this warp-resistant filament at MakeShaper.

New Year 3D Printing Ideas Using PETG Filament

The New Year 2020 is just a few days away and everyone is gearing up for it. For the 3D printing geeks, it is another great opportunity to try something new. Whether you are a creative person, professional printing company or a home décor enthusiast, 3D printing is for everyone. You can do so many things with it and create something unique and mind-blowing for the New Year Eve. It is time to impress your family and friends with some New Year 3D printing ideas.

PETG filament is one of the most popular 3D printing filaments that can be used to create various attractive pieces. It is superior to other types of 3D printing filaments for various reasons. You can create some amazing designs using the PETG filament with excellent results.

Here are some of the best New Year 3D printing ideas using the PETG filament:

Why PETG Filament are Best for 3D Printing?

PETG filaments is an excellent material for 3D printing because of its extraordinary strength, toughness, sturdiness and offers strong prints. With features like low shrinkage, it is perfect for printing objects of larger surface. Compered to other materials like the ABS and PLA, the PETG filament has higher strength, and much smoother finish.

PETG stands for polyethylene terephthalate glycol-modified, and is known for its perfect combination of strength and ductility. Because of these popular features, PETG is widely used for making mechanical parts and robotics. Some of its other features include being high chemical resistance, acidic and alkalic resistance. If you are into creative projects like rings, collars and bracelets, then the PETG is one of the best options out there.

These are some of the reasons why PETG if perfect for 3D printing and you should be using it for 2020 New Year printing ideas.

2020 New Year 3D Printing Ideas using the PETG Filament

If you want to make the New Year extra special, create something fun, original and colorful to enjoy. Here are some of the best ideas for 2020 New Year 3D printing ideas:

  • 2020 New Year's Shades

This is one of the most popular themes for 3D printing. Every year you get to see the large glasses with the New Year design on it. Be creative this time and use a different design to create a 2020 New Year Shades.You can add accessories as well. Browse the internet for the ideas or create your own and make a history this New Year eve with an amazing 2020 Shades for the New Year. Make for the family and for friends and wear them to the party and show off your creative skills. PETG filament can be used to create high-quality sturdy pieces.

  • 2020 Key Ring

Key rings are the most popular themes for 3D printing. You can gift the key rings to friends and family. The best thing about them is that you can customize it to make it extra special for the New Year occasion. A New Year key ring will not only keep your keys together, it will also give it a festive look. And, it will also remind everyone of the great time you had together in the New Year Eve. You can use many designs and colors to create that special key ring for the group. With a flexible 3D printer filament like PETG, you can create any kind of design and it will last for a lifetime.

  • 2020 Decoration

The next best idea is creating 2020 theme decorations. You can link the four numbers together to create unique patterns and in different bright colors. These nicely printed 3D décor items can be used for gift wraps, decorating the room, or cake. If you are looking for some unique décor ideas for the New Year for general purpose, this is one of the best ones. You can easily create a theme decoration and make the evening special. Likewise, you can use any other theme as well for creating décor items. PETG filament is a flexible material that makes 3D printing easy and effortless. Choose the design, set the printer and let the magic begin. You will not be disappointed with the end results.

  • 2020 Earrings

If you want to show the world your festive mood, add a pair of 2020 earrings and your ensemble for the evening is complete. Wear them or gift them to a loved one and see the buzz they create in the party. Everyone will be asking where did you get it from. You can create some amazing 2020 earring designs using the PETG material. They are widely used for creating jewelry pieces as the PETG materials are strong and sturdy. Add 2020 earring to your creative list and customize it to make your New Year celebrations memorable. If you are thinking of a gifting idea for someone special, this earning can become that special gift. A customized earring for the New Year party will make all the difference in the world.

  • 2020 Wine Bottle Topper

Cracking open the wine or champagne when the clock strike 12 on the New Year’s Eve is the classic way to welcome the new year. You can make the occasion even more special with a 2020 wine bottle topper. Show the guests how festive your wine bottle is with a customized wine bottle topper. After popping the bottle open, put the topper back on and take that picture that will remind of the special day. You can use the topper for various occasions as well.

The Bottom-Line

These are some of the creative 3D printing ideas for the New Year Eve that you can use throughout the year. These 3D prints will help you bring out the festive mood and help you create a great impression on your guests. MakeShaper offers high-quality 3D printing filaments. We have a wide range of filaments for various 3D printing purposes like PLA, ABS, ASA, HIPS, PVA, PETG and more.